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Compound Sentence


compound sentence


Compound sentence gives a complete thought by combining two or more related thoughts or sentences by using certain joiners.

 

These sentences come under the medium complexity sentence in terms of its structure.

 

Compound sentence has two independent clauses or two simple sentences joined together by a conjunction or punctuation.

 

Examples:

 

·       I would visit my aunt and give her surprise.

·       Jordan went to pick Lorry; however she was not ready.

 

A Compound sentence can also be written by using more than two independent clauses.

 

We went on a picnic, and did trekking, swimming but we could not go for camping, so we are planning to go on camping separately.

 

Generally used words as joiners or conjunctions to form a compound sentence are below.

 

·       And

·       But

·       For

·       So

·       Or

·       Yet

·       Nor

 

But do you know each of the above conjunctions relates to some situation or course of action.

 

And: It is used while joining two sentences where the second sentence is the next action to the first one.


Tom went to home, and had lunch.

Here the second part had lunch is the next action to the 1st sentence and both actions are performed by single Noun Tom.

 

But: It is used when the second sentence speaks opposite to the 1st one or else it is contrast to the first sentence.

 

Harry likes tea, but he does not like coffee.

 

Here the second part of the sentence he does not like coffee gives opposite sense to the first part of the sentence.

  

For /So: This conjunction is used when the one sentence is the reason, cause, or effect for another one sentence.


I wanted to buy some stuff, so went to the supermarket.

 

I went to super market, for I needed to buy some stuff. 

 

Or: This is used for specifying conditions or for the alternatives.

 

Work hard, or ready to get fail in the exam.

 

Would you like to have cold coffee or hot coffee?

 

NorNor is used to support the first sentence used in a negative sense. Make sure the second sentence or the sentence used after nor is always written in a positive sense.

 

I am not going to college, nor I am attending the meeting.


Sarah did not shop for herself not bought something for her kids.

 

In above examples the second part of the compound sentences are written in a positive sense where as the first part is written in a negative sense, and the second part is always  supportive to the first one.

  

YetYet is used similarly as but.

 

Here is some difference. Yet is used when the second sentence is the result of first one and it is unexpected.

 

She worked hard, yet failed in the examination.

 

I went by bus, yet could not attend the conference.

 

Easy way to remember coordinating conjunctions is: FANBOYS.

 

You should use comma before each one to combine two sentences in to one.

 

These joiners are known as conjunctions. Apart from above words we use How, either –or, neither –nor to form a compound sentence.


Structure of a compound sentence is subject +verb+ conjunction

 

Examples:

  

·      He goes to office at 9 am and comeback at 7 pm.


·       My old phone was not working so I bought a new one.

  

In above examples:


Subject: He and Old Phone

 

Verb: Goes, comeback, working, bought

 

Conjunction: and, so

  

A compound sentence can be written by combining two simple sentences with the help of only comma (,).

 

As I become hungry every evening, I always carry some nuts with me.